Buyer closing costs in NYC are between 1.5% to 6% of the purchase price. Buyer closing costs are higher for condos vs. co-ops, and closing costs are the highest for new developments (also known as sponsor unit sales).
The largest buyer closing costs in NYC include the Mortgage Recording Tax (1.8% to 1.925%) and the Mansion Tax (1% to 3.9%) on purchases of $1 million or more. Other large buyer closing costs include Title Insurance for condos and houses, real estate attorney fees as well as lender, building and miscellaneous fees.
Buyer Closing Costs in NYC:
The Mortgage Recording Tax (MRT) is 1.8% for loans below $500k and 1.925% for loans of $500k or more. The actual MRT rates are 2.05% and 2.175%, however most banks generally cover 0.25% of the MRT for residential deals.
Estimate your Mortgage Recording Tax bill using Hauseit’s Interactive Mortgage Recording Tax Calculator for NYC.
The Mortgage Recording Tax is not applicable to co-ops, as the tax only applies to real property.
Co-ops are not considered to be real property since unit owners actually purchase shares in the private corporation that owns the co-op.
In addition to receiving shares, a co-op buyer is also provided with a proprietary lease which entitles her or him to reside in the specific apartment being purchased.
Because the MRT is based on the loan size as opposed to the purchase price, you can lower your buyer closing costs by paying all-cash or by increasing the size of your down payment.
This allows a seller to transfer some or all of an existing mortgage over to you as a buyer, thereby reducing the amount of new loan money which needs to be originated. Sellers also benefit from a Purchase CEMA since it allows them to avoid paying the New York State Transfer Tax.
The Mansion Tax is a progressive buyer closing cost applicable to purchases of $1 million or more which ranges from 1% to 3.9% depending on the purchase price.
The Mansion Tax is a statewide tax collected by the New York State Department of Taxation and Finance, although the New York Mansion Tax rate is just 1% for cities other than NYC.
The Mansion Tax was originally imposed in 1989.
The Mansion Tax is technically an additional Transfer Tax, however it’s not usually categorized alongside the NYC & NYS Transfer Taxes since they’re paid by sellers and it’s customary for the buyer to pay the Mansion Tax.
Title Insurance is approximately 0.4% to 0.5% of the purchase price.
It’s a one-time fee which provides a buyer with an insurance policy against defects or future claims against the title of the property being purchased which were unknown at the time of purchase.
Here’s an example: Let’s say you purchase a $2m condo in 2015. The previous owner purchased the unit in 2010 before selling to you. Prior to that, someone sold it to the seller in 2005.
What if the seller in 2015 didn’t legally own the property?
If that’s the case, the chain of title is broken and it’s possible that someone may make an ownership claim against your apartment.
Title insurance protects both you as the purchaser and the lender, and the insurance policy covers legal fees as well as your principal.
You can also purchase an additional insurance policy called a ‘Market Value Rider’ which will automatically step-up the value of your Title Insurance policy to match appreciation in the market value over time.
The Market Value Rider is relatively inexpensive relative to the cost of Title Insurance itself. If you plan on holding the property for a long time, purchasing the Market Value Rider is a prudent decision since it will ensure that your capital appreciation is protected.
The typical real estate attorney fee for a buyer is between $2k to $3k. Fees can be higher depending on the complexity of the transaction. There are also discount lawyers who charge less, however you should be careful that paying less for your lawyer does not sacrifice quality and possibly risk your deal.
When you pay lawyer fees is negotiable. Some lawyers will only collect their fee at closing, while others may ask you to sign an engagement letter and pay half upfront and the rest at closing.
In any case, it’s a good idea as a buyer to speak with a few lawyers and make a selection before you start submitting offers.
All condos and co-ops charge buyers a handful of fees when making the purchase. These may include a board application fee, move-in fee and/or a move-in deposit.
These fees and deposits are typically no more than $2,000 combined. The board application fee itself is usually around $500, and most buildings also charge an extra $100 to $200 for a credit check fee.
If you’re financing, you will need to pay a handful of mortgage-related fees which include an application fee, an appraisal fee, bank attorney fees and a mortgage recording fee.
The typical bank loan application fee is under $1,000, and the appraisal fee is usually around ~$750. Bear in mind that the specific fees vary by bank.
If you have private client status with a bank, you may be able to receive a credit/reduction on some of your fees as well as a reduction in your interest rate / APR.
Disclosure: Hauseit® and its affiliates do not provide tax, legal, financial or accounting advice. This material has been prepared for informational purposes only, and is not intended to provide, and should not be relied on for, tax, legal, financial or accounting advice. No representation, guarantee or warranty of any kind is made regarding the completeness or accuracy of information provided. Hauseit LLC is a Licensed Real Estate Broker, licensed to do business in New York under license number 10991232340. Principal Office: 148 Lafayette Street, New York, NY 10013.