The final walk through is a critical last step before closing. We’ll explain what the real purpose of a final walkthrough is and provide you with a handy final walk through checklist you can use.
We’ll also explain the differences between a final walkthrough for a re-sale vs new construction in this article.
Table of Contents:
What Is the Final Walk Through?
The final walk through is a last inspection of the property by a home buyer and the buyer’s agent before closing. The final walk through is typically scheduled for the day before closing, or in some cases only a few hours before the closing on the same day.
What Is the Purpose of a Final Walk-Through?
The primary purpose of a final walk-through is to confirm that the condition of the property has not changed since the purchase contract was signed.
In practice, this means verifying that the property’s condition has not changed since the last time the buyer visited the property, which could have been a week or more before the purchase contract was fully executed.
Getting What You Agreed Upon
Secondary purposes of a final walk-through are to make sure that:
The appliances are in working order, that any inclusions specified in the deal sheet such as expensive fixtures are present, that any agreed upon repairs have been completed and that everything is in general working order.
Final Walk Through Checklist
Confirm all major appliances included with the purchase are still present and in working order.
Turn on and off the stove and the stove top burners. Remember to turn off the gas.
Inspect the temperature of the interior of the refrigerator and freezer.
Run the dishwasher and remember to end the cycle before you leave.
Test the washer and dryer if the unit has one.
Test all doors and door handles including closet doors and exterior doors.
Open and close all windows.
Check for new scratches and scruff marks on walls, floors and the ceiling.
Test all electrical outlets with your smartphone charger.
Test all faucets, flush the toilet, run the shower and check for leaks.
Verify that the heat and air conditioning units are functioning.
Test all lights and dimmer switches.
Test the intercom, door buzzer or virtual doorman system.
Test smart home features and control panels.
The Final Walkthrough for a Re-Sale
Properties in New York are typically sold as is, meaning the seller will not agree to make any repairs or changes before closing.
The only time a seller might agree to make repairs before closing is if the buyer is the only interested party and the seller is desperate because his or her property has been on the market for over a hundred days.
Even then, buyers and sellers in New York will typically agree on a closing credit, in other words a seller concession in closing costs or price, rather than require the seller to make changes to the apartment.
It Is Not a Home Inspection
As a result, it’s important to understand that the final walk through is very different from the home inspection which is typically done before a purchase contract is signed.
It’s actually a common buyer tactic to ask for a home inspection after an offer has been accepted but before a purchase contract is signed.
Buyers typically use this opportunity to find issues with the apartment and ask the seller to fix them. When sellers inevitably refuse and tell buyers that the property is being sold as is, the two sides sometimes agree to a reduction in price instead.
Therefore, buyers of a typical re-sale apartment must not treat the final walk through like a home inspection. You are not there to nit-pick and find things for the seller to fix. That should have been done already before you signed the purchase contract. You are simply there to confirm that the condition of the property has not changed since the signing of the contract.
The contract will usually confirm that the property is being sold as is in the condition that it was found on the date of execution, that the appliances will be delivered in working order and specify any inclusions and exclusions that were negotiated.
Simply put, you are there to make sure that you are getting what was agreed upon in the fully executed purchase and sale contract. Nothing more, nothing less.
The Final Walkthrough for New Construction
The final walk through process is different when buying a new construction home in NYC. Usually in new construction there are 2 walk-throughs.
The first walk through is to develop a punch list. The final walk through is to make sure everything on the punch list is done.
A punch list is a slang term used in real estate for a list of items that the buyer would like the developer to fix before or soon after closing.
The Punch List
The reason a punch list is not created sooner is because new developments can take months or years to complete after a purchaser has signed a contract.
Furthermore, a punch list can take much longer to fix than expected.
As a result, punch lists are often incomplete at the time of closing and the developer will simply make best efforts to complete the punch list after closing.
Keep in mind that the punch list should be reasonable, especially if it is created after a purchase contract has already been signed. For example, the sponsor will probably agree to fix a shower floor that isn’t angled properly to drain, but a sponsor may not agree to stylistic differences such as you wanting a marble kitchen counter-top vs a granite counter-top.
Remember that there is no official timeline for the developer to complete the punch list. Rather, the sponsor only needs to make commercially reasonable efforts to complete the buyer’s punch list.
With that said, the bigger developers have brand equity to protect and generally do a good job with punch lists. After all, if you’re buying a new home then everything should be fixed and in working order, within reason.
Disclosure: Hauseit® and its affiliates do not provide tax, legal, financial or accounting advice. This material has been prepared for informational purposes only, and is not intended to provide, and should not be relied on for, tax, legal, financial or accounting advice. No representation, guarantee or warranty of any kind is made regarding the completeness or accuracy of information provided. Hauseit LLC is a Licensed Real Estate Broker, licensed to do business in New York under license number 10991232340. Principal Office: 148 Lafayette Street, New York, NY 10013.