While the building is typically responsible for repairing any roof leak and associated damage inside your apartment, you’ll still have to deal with the inconvenience of bringing workers into your apartment to make drywall repairs, sand, repaint and so on.
Your building will also need to replace the entire roofing membrane from time to time. This is particularly inconvenient for the top floor apartment, as it means you’ll have workers traversing your roof for a week or more. Moreover, if your unit has a private roof deck, any decking or landscaping on your private roof deck may need to be removed and reinstalled for this repair.
Being on the floor, you also face a remote risk of a catastrophic issue such as a failure of the building’s parapet. This is the upper part of the facade which intersects with the roofing membrane. In some instances, water penetration might be occurring via the parapet as opposed to the roof itself.
If the source of the leak cannot be detected and repaired, the building may need to dismantle and rebuild the parapet. Practically speaking, this means that half of the top floor apartment (possibly your penthouse) needs to be sliced off and rebuilt.